Document




 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2018
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from ____________ to ____________
Commission File Number 001-09553
CBS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
04-2949533
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
51 W. 52nd Street, New York, New York
(Address of principal executive offices)
10019
(Zip Code)
(212) 975-4321
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
Not Applicable
(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes x    No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer o
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
 
Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes o    No x
Number of shares of common stock outstanding at April 30, 2018:
Class A Common Stock, par value $.001 per share— 37,507,617
Class B Common Stock, par value $.001 per share— 341,480,807
 




CBS CORPORATION
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
 
 
Page
 
PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) for the
 Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) (Unaudited) for the
 Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) at March 31, 2018
 and December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the
 Three Months Ended March 31, 2018 and March 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

- 2-



PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements.
CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited; in millions, except per share amounts)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues
$
3,761

 
$
3,343

Costs and expenses:
 

 
 

Operating
2,400

 
2,074

Selling, general and administrative
524

 
488

Depreciation and amortization
56

 
55

Merger and acquisition-related costs
9

 

Total costs and expenses
2,989

 
2,617

Operating income
772

 
726

Interest expense
(118
)
 
(109
)
Interest income
17

 
13

Other items, net
(11
)
 
(21
)
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes and
equity in loss of investee companies
660

 
609

Provision for income taxes
(135
)
 
(138
)
Equity in loss of investee companies, net of tax
(14
)
 
(17
)
Net earnings from continuing operations
511

 
454

Net loss from discontinued operations, net of tax (Note 3)

 
(706
)
Net earnings (loss)
$
511

 
$
(252
)
 
 
 
 
Basic net earnings (loss) per common share:
 

 
 

Net earnings from continuing operations
$
1.34


$
1.11

Net loss from discontinued operations
$


$
(1.72
)
Net earnings (loss)
$
1.34


$
(.61
)
 
 
 
 
Diluted net earnings (loss) per common share:
 

 
 

Net earnings from continuing operations
$
1.32


$
1.09

Net loss from discontinued operations
$


$
(1.70
)
Net earnings (loss)
$
1.32


$
(.61
)
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
 

 
 

Basic
382

 
410

Diluted
386


416

 
 
 
 
Dividends per common share
$
.18

 
$
.18

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

-3-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited; in millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Net earnings (loss)
$
511

 
$
(252
)
Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
 
 
 
Cumulative translation adjustments
(6
)
 
2

Amortization of net actuarial loss
15

 
12

Total other comprehensive income, net of tax
9

 
14

Total comprehensive income (loss)
$
520


$
(238
)
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

-4-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited; in millions, except per share amounts)
 
At
 
At
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
147

 
 
 
$
285

 
Receivables, less allowances of $49 (2018 and 2017)
 
3,820

 
 
 
3,697

 
Programming and other inventory (Note 4)
 
1,593

 
 
 
1,828

 
Prepaid income taxes
 
52

 
 
 
78

 
Prepaid expenses
 
164

 
 
 
194

 
Other current assets
 
415

 
 
 
191

 
Total current assets
 
6,191

 
 
 
6,273

 
Property and equipment
 
3,036

 
 
 
3,051

 
Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
1,777

 
 
 
1,771

 
Net property and equipment
 
1,259

 
 
 
1,280

 
Programming and other inventory (Note 4)
 
3,252

 
 
 
2,881

 
Goodwill
 
4,891

 
 
 
4,891

 
Intangible assets
 
2,661

 
 
 
2,666

 
Other assets
 
2,337

 
 
 
2,852

 
Total Assets
 
$
20,591




$
20,843

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY
 


 
 
 


 
Current Liabilities:
 


 
 
 


 
Accounts payable
 
$
230

 
 
 
$
231

 
Accrued compensation
 
198

 
 
 
343

 
Participants’ share and royalties payable
 
1,104

 
 
 
986

 
Program rights
 
631

 
 
 
373

 
Short-term debt (Note 6)
 
217

 
 
 
679

 
Current portion of long-term debt (Note 6)
 
19

 
 
 
19

 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
 
1,670

 
 
 
1,341

 
Total current liabilities
 
4,069

 
 
 
3,972

 
Long-term debt (Note 6)
 
9,470

 
 
 
9,464

 
Pension and postretirement benefit obligations
 
1,309

 
 
 
1,328

 
Deferred income tax liabilities, net
 
493

 
 
 
480

 
Other liabilities
 
3,267

 
 
 
3,621

 
 
 


 
 
 


 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 14)
 


 
 
 


 
 
 


 
 
 


 
Stockholders Equity:
 


 
 
 


 
Class A Common Stock, par value $.001 per share; 375 shares authorized;
 38 (2018 and 2017) shares issued
 

 
 
 

 
Class B Common Stock, par value $.001 per share; 5,000 shares authorized;
 835 (2018) and 834 (2017) shares issued
 
1

 
 
 
1

 
Additional paid-in capital
 
43,743

 
 
 
43,797

 
Accumulated deficit
 
(18,650
)
 
 
 
(18,900
)
 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (Note 8)
 
(653
)
 
 
 
(662
)
 
 
 
24,441

 
 
 
24,236

 
Less treasury stock, at cost; 492 (2018) and 489 (2017) Class B shares
 
22,458

 
 
 
22,258

 
Total Stockholders Equity
 
1,983

 
 
 
1,978

 
Total Liabilities and Stockholders Equity
 
$
20,591

 
 
 
$
20,843

 
See notes to consolidated financial statements.

-5-


CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited; in millions)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Operating Activities:
 
 
 
Net earnings (loss)
$
511

 
$
(252
)
Less: Net loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

 
(706
)
Net earnings from continuing operations
511


454

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings from continuing operations to net cash flow
provided by operating activities from continuing operations:





Depreciation and amortization
56


55

Stock-based compensation
44


40

Equity in loss of investee companies, net of tax and distributions
14


17

Change in assets and liabilities, net of investing and financing activities
92


112

Net cash flow provided by operating activities from continuing operations
717


678

Net cash flow provided by operating activities from discontinued operations


41

Net cash flow provided by operating activities
717


719

Investing Activities:





Investments in and advances to investee companies
(40
)

(49
)
Capital expenditures
(30
)

(27
)
Acquisitions

 
(21
)
Other investing activities
3

 
15

Net cash flow used for investing activities from continuing operations
(67
)

(82
)
Net cash flow used for investing activities from discontinued operations
(23
)

(7
)
Net cash flow used for investing activities
(90
)

(89
)
Financing Activities:





Repayments of short-term debt borrowings, net
(462
)

(420
)
Repayment of debt borrowings of CBS Radio

 
(3
)
Payment of capital lease obligations
(4
)

(4
)
Payment of contingent consideration
(5
)
 
(7
)
Dividends
(71
)

(77
)
Purchase of Company common stock
(186
)

(531
)
Payment of payroll taxes in lieu of issuing shares for stock-based compensation
(52
)

(76
)
Proceeds from exercise of stock options
16


36

Other financing activities
(1
)
 

Net cash flow used for financing activities
(765
)

(1,082
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(138
)

(452
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
(includes $24 (2017) of discontinued operations cash)
285


622

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
(includes $7 (2017) of discontinued operations cash)
$
147


$
170

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information





Cash paid for interest:
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
182

 
$
162

Discontinued operations
$

 
$
11

 
 
 
 
Cash paid for income taxes:
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
29

 
$
1

Discontinued operations
$

 
$
12

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

-6-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

1) BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Description of Business-CBS Corporation (together with its consolidated subsidiaries unless the context otherwise requires, the “Company” or “CBS Corp.”) is comprised of the following segments: Entertainment (CBS Television, comprised of the CBS Television Network, CBS Television Studios, CBS Studios International, and CBS Television Distribution; Network Ten; CBS Interactive and CBS Films), Cable Networks (Showtime Networks, CBS Sports Network and Smithsonian Networks), Publishing (Simon & Schuster) and Local Media (CBS Television Stations and CBS Local Digital Media).

Discontinued Operations-On November 16, 2017, the Company completed the disposition of CBS Radio Inc. (“CBS Radio”) through a split-off. CBS Radio has been presented as a discontinued operation in the Company’s consolidated financial statements (See Note 3).

Basis of Presentation-The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of the Company have been prepared pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the more detailed financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting only of normal and recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of the Company for the periods presented. Certain previously reported amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

Use of Estimates-The preparation of the Company’s financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. The Company bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions.

Revenues
Advertising Revenues-Advertising revenues, net of agency commissions, are recognized when the advertising spots are aired on television or displayed on digital platforms. If there is a guarantee to deliver a targeted audience rating or number of impressions, revenues are recognized as the actual audience rating or impressions are delivered. Audience ratings and impressions are determined based on data provided by independent third-party companies. Advertising contracts, which are generally short-term, are billed monthly, with payments due shortly after the invoice date.

Advertising revenues are primarily generated by the Entertainment and Local Media segments.

Content Licensing and Distribution Revenues-Content licensing and distribution revenue is generated from the licensing of internally-produced television programming, fees from the distribution of third-party programming, and the publishing and distribution of consumer books.


-7-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Program Licensing and Distribution

Revenues from the licensing of internally produced television programming are recognized when the content is made available to the licensee for exhibition at the beginning of the license period. For license agreements containing multiple deliverables, revenues are allocated based on the relative standalone selling price of each program. Agreements to license programming are often long term, with collection terms ranging from one to five years.

The Company also distributes programs on behalf of third parties. In such arrangements, the Company generally obtains control of the program before selling it to the customer. Therefore, revenues from such distribution arrangements, which include both content licensing and advertising revenues, are recognized based on the gross amount of consideration received from the customer, with a participation expense recognized for the fees paid to the third party producer.

Substantially all of the Company’s program licensing and distribution revenues are generated by the Entertainment segment, with the remainder generated by the Cable Networks segment.

Publishing

Publishing revenues are recognized when merchandise is shipped or electronically delivered to the consumer. Consumer print books are generally sold with a right of return. The Company records a returns reserve and corresponding decrease in revenue at the time of sale based upon historical trends. For publishing revenues, payments are due shortly after shipment or electronic delivery.

Affiliate and Subscription Fees-A majority of the Company’s affiliate and subscription fees are generated by the Cable Networks segment and consist of fees received from multichannel video programming distributors (“MVPDs”) for carriage of the Company’s cable networks and subscription fees for the Showtime digital streaming subscription offering. The Entertainment segment generates affiliate and subscription fees primarily from television stations affiliated with the CBS Television Network and subscribers to CBS All Access, its owned streaming subscription service. In addition, Local Media receives retransmission fees from MVPDs for carriage of the Company’s television stations.

Affiliate and subscription fees are recognized as access to the Company’s content is provided to the customer over the term of the agreement. For agreements that provide for a variable fee, revenues are determined each month based on an agreed upon contractual rate applied to the number of subscribers to the customer’s service. For agreements that provide for a fixed fee, revenues are recognized based on the relative fair value provided over the term of the agreement. For affiliate and subscription fee revenues, payments are generally due monthly.

Noncurrent Receivables-Noncurrent receivables of $1.58 billion and $1.59 billion at March 31, 2018 and January 1, 2018, respectively, are included in “Other assets” on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets and primarily relate to revenues recognized under long-term television licensing arrangements.

Deferred Revenues-Deferred revenues primarily consist of cash received related to advertising arrangements and the licensing of television programming for which the revenues have not yet been earned. Advertising revenues that have been deferred are recognized when the required audience rating or impressions are delivered and revenues deferred under licensing arrangements are recognized when the content is made available to the customer.
 

-8-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Deferred revenues are primarily short term and included within “Accrued expenses and other current liabilities” on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Total deferred revenues were $259 million and $284 million at March 31, 2018 and January 1, 2018, respectively. The change in deferred revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2018 reflects $115 million of revenues recognized that were included in deferred revenues at January 1, 2018, offset by cash payments received during the period for which the performance obligation was not satisfied prior to the end of the period.

Unrecognized Revenues Under Contract-As of March 31, 2018, unrecognized revenue attributable to unsatisfied performance obligations under the Company’s long-term contracts was $3.93 billion, of which $1.56 billion is expected to be recognized for the remainder of 2018, $1.28 billion for 2019, $683 million for 2020, and $405 million thereafter. These amounts only include contracts subject to a guaranteed fixed amount or the guaranteed minimum under variable contracts. Such amounts change on a regular basis as the Company renews existing agreements or enters into new agreements. Unrecognized revenues under contract disclosed above do not include (i) contracts with an original expected term of one year or less, mainly consisting of the Company’s advertising contracts (ii) contracts for which variable consideration is determined based on the customer’s subsequent sale or usage, mainly consisting of affiliate and subscription fee agreements and (iii) long-term licensing agreements for multiple programs for which the Company’s right to invoice corresponds with the value of the programs provided to the customer.

Net Earnings (Loss) per Common Share-Basic net earnings (loss) per share (“EPS”) is based upon net earnings (loss) divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS reflects the effect of the assumed exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and market-based performance share units (“PSUs”) only in the periods in which such effect would have been dilutive. Excluded from the calculation of diluted EPS because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive, were 10 million stock options and RSUs for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 4 million stock options for the three months ended March 31, 2017.

The table below presents a reconciliation of weighted average shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted EPS.
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
(in millions)
2018
 
2017
Weighted average shares for basic EPS
382

 
410

Dilutive effect of shares issuable under stock-based
compensation plans
4

 
6

Weighted average shares for diluted EPS
386

 
416

Other Liabilities-Other liabilities consist primarily of the noncurrent portion of residual liabilities of previously disposed businesses, participants’ share and royalties payable, program rights obligations, deferred compensation and other employee benefit accruals.

Additional Paid-In Capital-For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, the Company recorded dividends of $69 million and $75 million, respectively, as a reduction to additional paid-in capital as the Company had an accumulated deficit balance.


-9-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
Revenue from Contracts with Customers
During the first quarter of 2018, the Company adopted Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) guidance on the recognition of revenues which provides a single, comprehensive revenue recognition model for all contracts with customers and supersedes most existing revenue recognition guidance. The main principle under this guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue at the amount it expects to be entitled to in exchange for the transfer of goods or services to customers. The Company applied the modified retrospective method of adoption with the cumulative effect of the initial adoption of $261 million, reflected as an adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated deficit as of January 1, 2018. Prior periods continue to be presented under previous accounting guidance (See Note 13).

Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost
During the first quarter of 2018, the Company adopted FASB amended guidance on the presentation of net periodic pension and postretirement benefit cost (“net benefit cost”). This guidance requires the Company to present the service cost component of net benefit cost in the same line item(s) on the statement of operations as other compensation costs of the related employees. All of the other components of net benefit cost are presented in the statement of operations separately from the service cost component and below the subtotal of operating income. As a result of the adoption of this guidance, the Company presented $15 million of net benefit costs in “Other items, net” on the Consolidated Statement of Operations for the three months ended March 31, 2018, representing the components of net benefit cost other than service cost. This guidance is required to be applied retrospectively and therefore, $22 million of expenses, previously presented within operating income, have been reclassified to “Other items, net” for the three months ended March 31, 2017.

Stock Compensation: Scope of Modification Accounting
During the first quarter of 2018, the Company adopted FASB amended guidance on the accounting for stock-based compensation which clarifies when to account for a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award as a modification. Under this guidance, modification accounting is required only if the fair value, the vesting conditions, or the classification of the award as equity or liability changes as a result of the change in the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The adoption of this guidance did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Clarifying the Definition of a Business
During the first quarter of 2018, the Company adopted FASB amended guidance on the accounting for business combinations which clarifies the definition of a business and assists entities with evaluating whether transactions should be accounted for as acquisitions (or disposals) of assets or businesses. Under this guidance, when substantially all of the fair value of gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single asset (or group of similar assets), the assets acquired would not represent a business. In addition, in order to be considered a business, an acquisition would have to include at a minimum an input and a substantive process that together significantly contribute to the ability to create an output. The amended guidance also narrows the definition of outputs by more closely aligning it with how outputs are described in FASB guidance for revenue recognition. The adoption of this guidance did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.


-10-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other than Inventory
During the first quarter of 2018, the Company adopted the FASB amended guidance on the accounting for income taxes, which eliminates the exception in existing guidance that defers the recognition of the tax effects of intra-entity asset transfers other than inventory until the transferred asset is sold to a third party. Under this guidance, an entity recognizes the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. The adoption of this guidance did not have an impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted
Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
In February 2018, the FASB issued amended guidance that permits an entity to reclassify the income tax effects of federal tax legislation enacted in December 2017 (the “Tax Reform Act”) on items within accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance, which is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted.

Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities
In August 2017, the FASB issued amended guidance for hedge accounting, which expands the eligibility of hedging strategies that qualify for hedge accounting, modifies the recognition and presentation of hedges in the financial statements, and changes how companies assess hedge effectiveness. In addition, this guidance amends and expands disclosure requirements. This guidance, which is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted, is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Leases
In February 2016, the FASB issued new guidance on the accounting for leases, which supersedes previous lease guidance. Under this guidance, for all leases with terms in excess of one year, including operating leases, the Company will be required to recognize on its balance sheet a lease liability and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term. The new guidance retains a distinction between finance leases and operating leases and the classification criteria is substantially similar to previous guidance. Additionally, the recognition, measurement, and presentation of expenses and cash flows arising from a lease by a lessee have not significantly changed. The Company is currently reviewing its lease portfolio, evaluating the impact of this guidance on its consolidated balance sheet and assessing system requirements. This guidance is effective for interim and annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted.

-11-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

2) STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
The following table summarizes the Company’s stock-based compensation expense for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017.
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
RSUs and PSUs
$
38

 
$
33

Stock options
6

 
7

Stock-based compensation expense, before income taxes
44

 
40

Related tax benefit
(11
)
 
(15
)
Stock-based compensation expense, net of tax benefit
$
33

 
$
25

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company granted 3 million RSUs for CBS Corp. Class B Common Stock with a weighted average per unit grant-date fair value of $54.61. RSUs granted during the first quarter of 2018 generally vest over a one- to four-year service period. Compensation expense for RSUs is determined based upon the market price of the shares underlying the awards on the date of grant. For certain RSU awards the number of shares an employee earns ranges from 0% to 120% of the target award, based on the outcome of established performance conditions. Compensation expense is recorded based on the probable outcome of the performance conditions. During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company also granted awards of market-based PSUs. The number of shares that will be issued upon vesting of the PSUs is based on the Company’s stock price performance over a designated measurement period, as well as the achievement of established operating goals. The fair value of the PSUs is determined on the grant date using a Monte Carlo simulation model and is expensed over the required employee service period. The fair value of the PSU awards granted during the three months ended March 31, 2018 was $17 million

During the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company also granted 2 million stock options with a weighted average exercise price of $54.32. Stock options granted during the first quarter of 2018 vest over a four-year service period and expire eight years from the date of grant. Compensation expense for stock options is determined based on the grant date fair value of the award calculated using the Black-Scholes options-pricing model.

Total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested RSUs and PSUs at March 31, 2018 was $295 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.6 years. Total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested stock option awards at March 31, 2018 was $56 million, which is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 3.0 years.
3) DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
On November 16, 2017, the Company completed the split-off of CBS Radio through an exchange offer, in which the Company accepted 17.9 million shares of CBS Corp. Class B Common Stock from its stockholders in exchange for the 101.4 million shares of CBS Radio common stock that it owned. Immediately following the exchange offer, each share of CBS Radio common stock was converted into one share of Entercom Communications Corp. (“Entercom”) Class A common stock upon completion of the merger.


-12-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

The following table sets forth details of net loss from discontinued operations for the three months ended March 31, 2017.
 
Three Months Ended
March 31, 2017
Revenues
$
250

Costs and expenses:


Operating
89

Selling, general and administrative
122

Market value adjustment (a)
715

Total costs and expenses
926

Operating loss
(676
)
Interest expense
(19
)
Loss from discontinued operations
(695
)
Income tax provision
(11
)
Net loss from discontinued operations, net of tax
$
(706
)
(a) During 2017, prior to its split-off, CBS Radio was measured each reporting period at the lower of its carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell. The value of the transaction with Entercom was determined based on Entercom’s stock price at the closing of the transaction and therefore, the Company recorded a market value adjustment to adjust the carrying value of CBS Radio to the value indicated by the stock valuation of Entercom.
4) PROGRAMMING AND OTHER INVENTORY
 
At
 
At
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Acquired program rights
 
$
2,008

 
 
 
$
2,234

 
Acquired television library
 
99

 
 
 
99

 
Internally produced programming:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Released
 
2,089

 
 
 
1,780

 
In process and other
 
590

 
 
 
543

 
Publishing, primarily finished goods
 
59

 
 
 
53

 
Total programming and other inventory
 
4,845

 
 
 
4,709

 
Less current portion
 
1,593

 
 
 
1,828

 
Total noncurrent programming and other inventory
 
$
3,252

 
 
 
$
2,881

 

5) RELATED PARTIES
National Amusements, Inc. National Amusements, Inc. (“NAI”) is the controlling stockholder of CBS Corp. and Viacom Inc. Mr. Sumner M. Redstone, the controlling stockholder, chairman of the board of directors and chief executive officer of NAI, is the Chairman Emeritus of CBS Corp. and the Chairman Emeritus of Viacom Inc. In addition, Ms. Shari Redstone, Mr. Sumner M. Redstone’s daughter, is the president and a director of NAI and the vice chair of the Board of Directors of each of CBS Corp. and Viacom Inc. Mr. David R. Andelman is a director of CBS Corp. and serves as a director of NAI. At March 31, 2018, NAI directly or indirectly owned approximately 79.7% of CBS Corp.’s voting Class A Common Stock, and owned approximately 10.3% of CBS Corp.’s Class A Common Stock and non-voting Class B Common Stock on a combined basis. NAI is controlled by Mr. Redstone through the Sumner M. Redstone National Amusements Trust (the “SMR Trust”), which owns 80% of the voting interest of NAI, and such voting interest of NAI held by the SMR Trust is voted solely by Mr. Redstone until his

-13-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

incapacity or death. The SMR Trust provides that in the event of Mr. Redstone’s death or incapacity, voting control of the NAI voting interest held by the SMR Trust will pass to seven trustees, who will include CBS Corporation directors Ms. Shari Redstone and Mr. David R. Andelman. No member of the Company’s management is a trustee of the SMR Trust.

Viacom Inc. On February 1, 2018, the Company announced that its Board of Directors established a special committee of independent directors to evaluate a potential combination with Viacom Inc. There can be no assurance that this process will result in a transaction or on what terms any transaction may occur.

As part of its normal course of business, the Company licenses its television content, leases production facilities and sells advertising spots to various subsidiaries of Viacom Inc. Viacom Inc. also distributes certain of the Company’s television programs in the home entertainment market. The Company’s total revenues from these transactions were $19 million and $54 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

The Company leases production facilities and purchases advertising spots from various subsidiaries of Viacom Inc. The total amounts for these transactions were $6 million and $5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

The following table presents the amounts due from Viacom Inc. in the normal course of business as reflected on the Company’s Consolidated Balance Sheets. Amounts due to Viacom Inc. were minimal at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.
 
At
 
At
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Receivables
 
$
43

 
 
 
$
93

 
Other assets (Receivables, noncurrent)
 
14

 
 
 
11

 
Total amounts due from Viacom Inc.
 
$
57

 
 
 
$
104

 
Other Related Parties. The Company has equity interests in two domestic television networks and several international joint ventures for television channels from which the Company earns revenues primarily by selling its television programming. Total revenues earned from sales to these joint ventures were $31 million and $26 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, total amounts due from these joint ventures were $24 million and $27 million, respectively.

The Company, through the normal course of business, is involved in transactions with other related parties that have not been material in any of the periods presented.

-14-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

6) BANK FINANCING AND DEBT
The following table sets forth the Company’s debt.

At
 
At

March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Commercial paper

$
197




$
679


Short-term bank borrowings

20





 
Senior debt (2.30% - 7.875% due 2019 - 2045) (a)

9,428




9,426


Obligations under capital leases

61




57


Total debt

9,706




10,162


Less short-term debt

217




679


Less current portion of long-term debt

19




19


Total long-term debt, net of current portion

$
9,470




$
9,464


(a) At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the senior debt balances included (i) a net unamortized discount of $63 million and $65 million, respectively, (ii) unamortized deferred financing costs of $46 million and $47 million, respectively, and (iii) a $3 million decrease in the carrying value of the debt relating to previously settled fair value hedges at both March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017. The face value of the Company’s senior debt was $9.54 billion at both March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017.

Commercial Paper
The Company had outstanding commercial paper borrowings under its $2.5 billion commercial paper program of $197 million and $679 million at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively, each with maturities of less than 90 days. The weighted average interest rate for these borrowings was 2.34% at March 31, 2018 and 1.88% at December 31, 2017.

Credit Facility
At March 31, 2018, the Company had a $2.5 billion revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) which expires in June 2021. The Credit Facility requires the Company to maintain a maximum Consolidated Leverage Ratio of 4.5x at the end of each quarter as further described in the Credit Facility. At March 31, 2018, the Company’s Consolidated Leverage Ratio was approximately 2.9x.

The Consolidated Leverage Ratio is the ratio of the Company’s indebtedness from continuing operations, adjusted to exclude certain capital lease obligations, at the end of a quarter, to the Company’s Consolidated EBITDA for the trailing four consecutive quarters. Consolidated EBITDA is defined in the Credit Facility as operating income plus interest income and before depreciation, amortization and certain other noncash items.

The Credit Facility is used for general corporate purposes. At March 31, 2018, the Company had no borrowings outstanding under the Credit Facility and the remaining availability under the Credit Facility, net of outstanding letters of credit, was $2.49 billion.

-15-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

7) PENSION AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS
The components of net periodic cost for the Company’s pension and postretirement benefit plans were as follows:
 
Pension Benefits
 
Postretirement Benefits
Three Months Ended March 31,
2018

2017

2018

2017
Components of net periodic cost:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
8

 
$
7

 
$

 
$

Interest cost
37

 
48

 
4

 
4

Expected return on plan assets
(45
)
 
(50
)
 

 

Amortization of actuarial loss (gain) (a)
24

 
25

 
(5
)
 
(5
)
Net periodic cost
$
24

 
$
30

 
$
(1
)
 
$
(1
)
(a) Reflects amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss to net earnings (loss).
The service cost component of net periodic cost is presented on the Consolidated Statements of Operations within operating income and all other components of net periodic cost are presented within “Other items, net.”
8) STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
During the first quarter of 2018, the Company repurchased 3.8 million shares of its Class B Common Stock under its share repurchase program for $200 million, at an average cost of $52.67 per share, leaving $2.86 billion of authorization at March 31, 2018.

During the first quarter of 2018, the Company declared a quarterly cash dividend of $.18 on its Class A and Class B Common Stock, resulting in total dividends of $69 million, which were paid on April 1, 2018.
Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following tables summarize the changes in the components of accumulated other comprehensive loss.
 
Cumulative
Translation
Adjustments
 
Net Actuarial
Loss and Prior
Service Cost
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
At December 31, 2017
$
159

 
$
(821
)
 
 
$
(662
)
 
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
(6
)
 

 
 
(6
)
 
Reclassifications to net earnings

 
15

(a) 
 
15

 
Net other comprehensive income (loss)
(6
)
 
15


 
9

 
At March 31, 2018
$
153

 
$
(806
)

 
$
(653
)
 
 
Cumulative
Translation
Adjustments
 
Net Actuarial
Loss and Prior
Service Cost
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
At December 31, 2016
$
151

 
$
(918
)
 
 
$
(767
)
 
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
2

 

 
 
2

 
Reclassifications to net loss

 
12

(a) 
 
12

 
Net other comprehensive income
2

 
12

 
 
14

 
At March 31, 2017
$
153

 
$
(906
)
 
 
$
(753
)
 
(a)
Reflects amortization of net actuarial losses. See Note 7.

-16-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

The net actuarial losses related to pension and other postretirement benefit plans included in other comprehensive income are net of tax provisions of $4 million and $8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively.
9) INCOME TAXES
The provision for income taxes represents federal, state and local, and foreign income taxes on earnings from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in loss of investee companies.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2018

2017
Provision for income taxes, including interest and before other discrete items (a)
$
(138
)
 
$
(185
)
Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation (b)


27

Other discrete items (c)
3


20

Provision for income taxes
$
(135
)

$
(138
)
Effective income tax rate
20.5
%

22.7
%
(a) The lower tax provision for the three months ended March 31, 2018 primarily reflects a reduction in the federal corporate income tax rate from 35% to 21% as a result of the enactment of new federal tax legislation in December 2017.
(b) Reflects the difference between the tax benefit from stock-based compensation expense and the deduction on the tax return associated with the exercise of stock options and vesting of RSUs. This difference occurs because stock-based compensation expense is recorded based on the grant-date fair value of the award, whereas the tax deduction is based on the fair value on the date the stock option is exercised or the RSU vests.
(c) For the three months ended March 31, 2017, primarily reflects a one-time tax benefit of $22 million from the resolution of certain state income tax matters.
In December 2017, the U.S. government enacted the Tax Reform Act containing significant changes to U.S. federal tax law, including a reduction in the federal corporate tax rate from 35% to 21% and a one-time transition tax on cumulative foreign earnings and profits. For the year ended December 31, 2017 the Company recorded a net provisional charge for the estimated transition tax on cumulative foreign earnings and profits, offset by an estimated benefit to adjust the Company’s deferred income tax balances as a result of the reduced corporate income tax rate. The Tax Reform Act also includes a deduction for foreign derived intangible income and a tax on global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”), which imposes a U.S. tax on certain income earned by the Company’s foreign subsidiaries. The Company included the tax on GILTI in its tax provision for the three months ended March 31, 2018. The Company will complete its analysis of the Tax Reform Act within one year from its enactment.  Such analysis will include finalizing and recording any adjustments to provisional estimates, as well as determining whether to treat the tax on GILTI as a period cost when incurred or as a component of deferred taxes.

-17-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

10) RESTRUCTURING CHARGES
During the year ended December 31, 2017, in a continued effort to reduce its cost structure, the Company initiated restructuring plans across several of its businesses, primarily for the reorganization of certain business operations. As a result, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $63 million, reflecting $54 million of severance costs and $9 million of costs associated with exiting contractual obligations and other related costs. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company recorded restructuring charges of $30 million, reflecting $19 million of severance costs and $11 million of costs associated with exiting contractual obligations and other related costs. As of March 31, 2018, the cumulative settlements for the 2017 and 2016 restructuring charges were $40 million, of which $34 million was for severance costs and $6 million was for costs associated with contractual obligations and other related costs.
 
Balance at
 
2018
 
Balance at
 
December 31, 2017
 
Settlements
 
March 31, 2018
Entertainment
 
$
45

 
 
 
$
(10
)
 
 
 
$
35

 
Cable Networks
 
1

 
 
 

 
 
 
1

 
Publishing
 
3

 
 
 
(1
)
 
 
 
2

 
Local Media
 
14

 
 
 
(1
)
 
 
 
13

 
Corporate
 
3

 
 
 
(1
)
 
 
 
2

 
Total
 
$
66

 
 
 
$
(13
)
 
 
 
$
53

 
 
Balance at
 
2017
 
2017
 
Balance at
 
December 31, 2016
 
Charges
 
Settlements
 
December 31, 2017
Entertainment
 
$
17

 
 
 
$
44

 
 
 
$
(16
)
 
 
 
$
45

 
Cable Networks
 
4

 
 
 

 
 
 
(3
)
 
 
 
1

 
Publishing
 
1

 
 
 
5

 
 
 
(3
)
 
 
 
3

 
Local Media
 
6

 
 
 
12

 
 
 
(4
)
 
 
 
14

 
Corporate
 
2

 
 
 
2

 
 
 
(1
)
 
 
 
3

 
Total
 
$
30

 
 
 
$
63

 
 
 
$
(27
)
 
 
 
$
66

 
11) FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Company’s carrying value of financial instruments approximates fair value, except for notes and debentures, which are not recorded at fair value. At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the carrying value of the Company’s senior debt was $9.43 billion and the fair value, which is estimated based on quoted market prices for similar liabilities (Level 2) and includes accrued interest, was $9.76 billion and $10.16 billion, respectively.

The Company uses derivative financial instruments primarily to modify its exposure to market risks from fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. The Company does not use derivative instruments unless there is an underlying exposure and, therefore, the Company does not hold or enter into derivative financial instruments for speculative trading purposes.

Foreign Exchange Contracts

Foreign exchange forward contracts have principally been used to hedge projected cash flows, in currencies such as the British Pound, the Euro, the Canadian Dollar and the Australian Dollar, generally for periods up to 24 months. The Company designates forward contracts used to hedge committed and forecasted foreign currency transactions as cash flow hedges. Gains or losses on the effective portion of designated cash flow hedges are initially recorded in other comprehensive income and reclassified to the statement of operations when the hedged

-18-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

item is recognized. Additionally, the Company enters into non-designated forward contracts to hedge non-U.S. dollar denominated cash flows.

At March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the notional amount of all foreign exchange contracts was $362 million and $410 million, respectively.
Losses recognized on derivative financial instruments were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
Financial Statement Account
Non-designated foreign exchange contracts
$
(4
)
 
$
(8
)
Other items, net
The fair value of the Company’s derivative instruments was not material to the Consolidated Balance Sheets for any of the periods presented.
The following tables set forth the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017. These assets and liabilities have been categorized according to the three-level fair value hierarchy established by the FASB, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value. Level 1 is based on publicly quoted prices for the asset or liability in active markets. Level 2 is based on inputs that are observable other than quoted market prices in active markets, such as quoted prices for the asset or liability in inactive markets or quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities. Level 3 is based on unobservable inputs reflecting the Company’s own assumptions about the assumptions that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability.
At March 31, 2018
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency hedges
$

 
$
3

 
$

 
$
3

Total Assets
$

 
$
3

 
$

 
$
3

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation
$

 
$
354

 
$

 
$
354

Foreign currency hedges

 
11

 

 
11

Total Liabilities
$

 
$
365

 
$

 
$
365

At December 31, 2017
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency hedges
$

 
$
5

 
$

 
$
5

Total Assets
$

 
$
5

 
$

 
$
5

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation
$

 
$
363

 
$

 
$
363

Foreign currency hedges

 
10

 

 
10

Total Liabilities
$

 
$
373

 
$

 
$
373

The fair value of foreign currency hedges is determined based on the present value of future cash flows using observable inputs including foreign currency exchange rates. The fair value of deferred compensation liabilities is determined based on the fair value of the investments elected by employees.

-19-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

12) SEGMENT AND REVENUE INFORMATION
The following tables set forth the Company’s financial information by reportable segment. The Company’s operating segments, which are the same as its reportable segments, have been determined in accordance with the Company’s internal management structure, which is organized based upon products and services.

Three Months Ended

March 31,

2018
 
2017
Revenues:





Entertainment
$
2,716


$
2,347

Cable Networks
609


543

Publishing
160


161

Local Media
415

 
409

Corporate/Eliminations
(139
)

(117
)
Total Revenues
$
3,761


$
3,343

Revenues generated between segments primarily reflect advertising sales, content licensing and station affiliation fees. These transactions are recorded at market value as if the sales were to third parties and are eliminated in consolidation.
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Intercompany Revenues:
 
 
 
Entertainment
$
139

 
$
119

Local Media
5

 
3

Total Intercompany Revenues
$
144

 
$
122


-20-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

The Company presents operating income (loss) excluding merger and acquisition-related costs, where applicable, (“Segment Operating Income”) as the primary measure of profit and loss for its operating segments in accordance with FASB guidance for segment reporting. The Company believes the presentation of Segment Operating Income is relevant and useful for investors because it allows investors to view segment performance in a manner similar to the primary method used by the Company’s management and enhances their ability to understand the Company’s operating performance.
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Segment Operating Income (Loss):
 
 
 
Entertainment
$
492

 
$
403

Cable Networks
230

 
250

Publishing
16

 
15

Local Media
118

 
124

Corporate
(75
)
 
(66
)
Merger and acquisition-related costs
(9
)
 

Operating income
772


726

Interest expense
(118
)
 
(109
)
Interest income
17

 
13

Other items, net
(11
)
 
(21
)
Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes
and equity in loss of investee companies
660

 
609

Provision for income taxes
(135
)
 
(138
)
Equity in loss of investee companies, net of tax
(14
)
 
(17
)
Net earnings from continuing operations
511

 
454

Net loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

 
(706
)
Net earnings (loss)
$
511

 
$
(252
)
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Depreciation and Amortization:
 
 
 
Entertainment
$
30


$
29

Cable Networks
6


6

Publishing
1


1

Local Media
11

 
11

Corporate
8


8

Total Depreciation and Amortization
$
56


$
55

 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Stock-based Compensation:
 
 
 
Entertainment
$
15

 
$
15

Cable Networks
3

 
3

Publishing
1

 
1

Local Media
3

 
3

Corporate
22

 
18

Total Stock-based Compensation
$
44

 
$
40


-21-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2018
 
2017
Capital Expenditures:
 
 
 
Entertainment
$
17


$
14

Cable Networks
4


3

Publishing
1


1

Local Media
4

 
5

Corporate
4

 
4

Total Capital Expenditures
$
30

 
$
27

 
At
 
At
 
March 31, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Entertainment
 
$
12,430

 
 
 
$
12,626

 
Cable Networks
 
2,920

 
 
 
2,878

 
Publishing
 
929

 
 
 
906

 
Local Media
 
4,010

 
 
 
4,042

 
Corporate/Eliminations
 
289

 
 
 
378

 
Discontinued operations
 
13

 
 
 
13

 
Total Assets
 
$
20,591

 
 
 
$
20,843

 
The following table presents the Company’s revenues disaggregated into categories based on the nature of such revenues.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Revenues by Type
2018
 
2017
Advertising
$
1,733

 
$
1,603

Content licensing and distribution:
 
 
 
Programming
835

 
684

Publishing
160

 
161

Affiliate and subscription fees
979

 
842

Other
54

 
53

Total Revenues
$
3,761

 
$
3,343

13) ADOPTION OF “REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS”
On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted FASB Accounting Standards Codification 606 (“ASC 606”) on the recognition of revenues using the modified retrospective method applied to all contracts. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under ASC 606 while prior periods have not been adjusted. The Company recorded an increase to accumulated deficit of $261 million as of January 1, 2018 reflecting the cumulative impact of the adoption of ASC 606.


-22-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

The adoption of ASC 606 primarily resulted in two changes to the Company’s revenue recognition policies.

Revenues from Distribution Arrangements
Revenues from the Company’s distribution of third-party content are now recognized based on the gross amount of consideration received from the customer, with an offsetting participation expense recognized for the fees paid to the third party. Under previous accounting guidance, such revenues, which include content licensing and distribution revenues and advertising revenues, were recognized at the net amount retained by the Company after the payment of fees to the third party. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, revenues and operating expenses relating to such distribution arrangements were each $63 million higher under ASC 606 than the amounts that would have been reported under previous accounting guidance, with no impact to operating income.

Revenues from the Renewal of Licensing Agreements
Revenues associated with the renewal of an existing license agreement are now recognized at the beginning of the renewal period. Under previous accounting guidance, these revenues were recognized upon the execution of such renewal. Content licensing and distribution revenue comparisons will continue to be impacted by fluctuations resulting from the timing of when Company-owned television series are made available for multiyear licensing agreements. Therefore, this change is not expected to have a material impact on the trend of the Company’s financial results because historically, on an annual basis, revenues from renewals executed each year have approximated revenues associated with renewal periods that began in the same year. In addition, for the first quarter of 2018 as compared to the first quarter of 2017, the Company’s growth in revenues, net earnings and EPS would not be materially different if contract renewals were recognized under ASC 606 for 2017.

The following table presents the amount by which each applicable financial statement line item on the Consolidated Statement of Operations would have decreased for the three months ended March 31, 2018 if license renewals were recognized under previous accounting guidance.
Revenues
$
112

Operating expenses
49

Operating income
63

Provision for income taxes
13

Net earnings from continuing operations
$
50

Diluted EPS from continuing operations
$
.13


In addition, the adoption of ASC 606 resulted in certain classification changes on the Consolidated Balance Sheet. The primary change is the reclassification of the sales returns reserve relating to the publishing business to “Other current liabilities.” Such amount, which was $127 million at March 31, 2018, was previously presented as a reduction to receivables.

-23-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

The following table presents the amount by which each applicable financial statement line item on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at March 31, 2018 would increase (decrease) if all of the above changes resulting from the adoption of ASC 606 were presented under previous accounting guidance.
Assets
 
Receivables, net
$
(97
)
Programming and other inventory (noncurrent)
$
(47
)
Other assets (noncurrent receivables)
$
458

 
 
Liabilities
 
Participants’ share and royalties payable (current)
$
10

Other current liabilities
$
(170
)
Deferred income tax liabilities, net
$
54

Participants’ share and royalties payable (noncurrent)
$
209

 
 
Accumulated deficit
$
211

ASC 606 also requires enhanced disclosures relating to the Company’s revenues from contracts with customers (See Note 1), including the disaggregation of revenues into categories (See Note 12).
14) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Guarantees
The Company has indemnification obligations with respect to letters of credit and surety bonds primarily used as security against non-performance in the normal course of business. At March 31, 2018, the outstanding letters of credit and surety bonds approximated $97 million and were not recorded on the Consolidated Balance Sheet.

In the course of its business, the Company both provides and receives indemnities which are intended to allocate certain risks associated with business transactions. Similarly, the Company may remain contingently liable for various obligations of a business that has been divested in the event that a third party does not live up to its obligations under an indemnification obligation. The Company records a liability for its indemnification obligations and other contingent liabilities when probable and reasonably estimable.

Legal Matters
General. On an ongoing basis, the Company vigorously defends itself in numerous lawsuits and proceedings and responds to various investigations and inquiries from federal, state, local and international authorities (collectively, “litigation’’). Litigation may be brought against the Company without merit, is inherently uncertain and always difficult to predict. However, based on its understanding and evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances, the Company believes that the below-described legal matters and other litigation to which it is a party are not likely, in the aggregate, to have a material adverse effect on its results of operations, financial position or cash flows. Under the Separation Agreement between the Company and Viacom Inc., the Company and Viacom Inc. have agreed to defend and indemnify the other in certain litigation in which the Company and/or Viacom Inc. is named.
Claims Related to Former Businesses: Asbestos. The Company is a defendant in lawsuits claiming various personal injuries related to asbestos and other materials, which allegedly occurred as a result of exposure caused by various products manufactured by Westinghouse, a predecessor, generally prior to the early 1970s. Westinghouse was neither a producer nor a manufacturer of asbestos. The Company is typically named as one of a large number of defendants in both state and federal cases. In the majority of asbestos lawsuits, the plaintiffs have not identified

-24-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

which of the Company’s products is the basis of a claim. Claims against the Company in which a product has been identified principally relate to exposures allegedly caused by asbestos-containing insulating material in turbines sold for power-generation, industrial and marine use.

Claims are frequently filed and/or settled in groups, which may make the amount and timing of settlements, and the number of pending claims, subject to significant fluctuation from period to period. The Company does not report as pending those claims on inactive, stayed, deferred or similar dockets which some jurisdictions have established for claimants who allege minimal or no impairment. As of March 31, 2018, the Company had pending approximately 31,600 asbestos claims, as compared with approximately 31,660 as of December 31, 2017 and 33,600 as of March 31, 2017. During the first quarter of 2018, the Company received approximately 870 new claims and closed or moved to an inactive docket approximately 930 claims. The Company reports claims as closed when it becomes aware that a dismissal order has been entered by a court or when the Company has reached agreement with the claimants on the material terms of a settlement. Settlement costs depend on the seriousness of the injuries that form the basis of the claims, the quality of evidence supporting the claims and other factors. The Company’s total costs for the years 2017 and 2016 for settlement and defense of asbestos claims after insurance recoveries and net of tax were approximately $57 million and $48 million, respectively. The Company’s costs for settlement and defense of asbestos claims may vary year to year and insurance proceeds are not always recovered in the same period as the insured portion of the expenses.

The Company believes that its reserves and insurance are adequate to cover its asbestos liabilities. This belief is based upon many factors and assumptions, including the number of outstanding claims, estimated average cost per claim, the breakdown of claims by disease type, historic claim filings, costs per claim of resolution and the filing of new claims. While the number of asbestos claims filed against the Company has remained generally flat in recent years, it is difficult to predict future asbestos liabilities, as events and circumstances may occur including, among others, the number and types of claims and average cost to resolve such claims, which could affect the Company’s estimate of its asbestos liabilities.

Other. The Company from time to time receives claims from federal and state environmental regulatory agencies and other entities asserting that it is or may be liable for environmental cleanup costs and related damages principally relating to historical and predecessor operations of the Company. In addition, the Company from time to time receives personal injury claims including toxic tort and product liability claims (other than asbestos) arising from historical operations of the Company and its predecessors.

-25-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

15) CONDENSED CONSOLIDATING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CBS Operations Inc. is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. CBS Operations Inc. has fully and unconditionally guaranteed CBS Corp.’s senior debt securities. The following condensed consolidating financial statements present the results of operations, financial position and cash flows of CBS Corp., CBS Operations Inc., the direct and indirect Non-Guarantor Affiliates of CBS Corp. and CBS Operations Inc., and the eliminations necessary to arrive at the information for the Company on a consolidated basis.
 
Statement of Operations
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
CBS Corp.
 
CBS
Operations
Inc.
 
Non-
Guarantor
Affiliates
 
Eliminations
 
CBS Corp.
Consolidated
Revenues
$
43

 
$
3

 
$
3,715

 
$

 
$
3,761

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating
25

 
1

 
2,374

 

 
2,400

Selling, general and administrative
13

 
64

 
447

 

 
524

Depreciation and amortization
1

 
6

 
49

 

 
56

Merger and acquisition-related costs

 
9

 

 

 
9

Total costs and expenses
39

 
80

 
2,870

 

 
2,989

Operating income (loss)
4

 
(77
)
 
845

 

 
772

Interest (expense) income, net
(130
)
 
(122
)
 
151

 

 
(101
)
Other items, net
(7
)
 
(2
)
 
(2
)
 

 
(11
)
Earnings (loss) before income taxes and equity in earnings (loss) of investee companies
(133
)
 
(201
)
 
994

 

 
660

Benefit (provision) for income taxes
27

 
41

 
(203
)
 

 
(135
)
Equity in earnings (loss) of investee companies, net of tax
617

 
412

 
(14
)
 
(1,029
)
 
(14
)
Net earnings
$
511

 
$
252

 
$
777

 
$
(1,029
)
 
$
511

Total comprehensive income
$
520


$
245


$
780


$
(1,025
)
 
$
520

 
Statement of Operations


-26-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 
Statement of Operations
 
For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2017
 
CBS Corp.
 
CBS
Operations
Inc.
 
Non-
Guarantor
Affiliates
 
Eliminations
 
CBS Corp.
Consolidated
Revenues
$
42

 
$
3

 
$
3,298

 
$

 
$
3,343

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating
24

 
1

 
2,049

 

 
2,074

Selling, general and administrative
10

 
61

 
417

 

 
488

Depreciation and amortization
1

 
6

 
48

 

 
55

Total costs and expenses
35

 
68

 
2,514

 

 
2,617

Operating income (loss)
7

 
(65
)
 
784

 

 
726

Interest (expense) income, net
(122
)
 
(117
)
 
143

 

 
(96
)
Other items, net
(10
)
 
(16
)
 
5

 

 
(21
)
Earnings (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes and equity in earnings (loss) of investee companies
(125
)
 
(198
)
 
932

 

 
609

Benefit (provision) for income taxes
38

 
60

 
(236
)
 

 
(138
)
Equity in earnings (loss) of investee companies, net of tax
(165
)
 
354

 
(17
)
 
(189
)
 
(17
)
Net earnings (loss) from continuing operations
(252
)
 
216

 
679

 
(189
)
 
454

Net loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 
(706
)
 

 
(706
)
Net earnings (loss)
$
(252
)
 
$
216

 
$
(27
)
 
$
(189
)
 
$
(252
)
Total comprehensive income (loss)
$
(238
)
 
$
214

 
$
(21
)
 
$
(193
)
 
$
(238
)
 
Statement of Operations


-27-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 
Balance Sheet
 
At March 31, 2018
 
CBS Corp.
 
CBS
Operations
Inc.
 
Non-
Guarantor
Affiliates
 
Eliminations
 
CBS Corp.
Consolidated
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
21

 
$

 
$
126

 
$

 
$
147

Receivables, net
23

 
2

 
3,795

 

 
3,820

Programming and other inventory
2

 
2

 
1,589

 

 
1,593

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
99

 
25

 
542

 
(35
)
 
631

Total current assets
145

 
29

 
6,052

 
(35
)
 
6,191

Property and equipment
43

 
217

 
2,776

 

 
3,036

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
25

 
169

 
1,583

 

 
1,777

Net property and equipment
18

 
48

 
1,193

 

 
1,259

Programming and other inventory
3

 
6

 
3,243

 

 
3,252

Goodwill
98

 
62

 
4,731

 

 
4,891

Intangible assets

 

 
2,661

 

 
2,661

Investments in consolidated subsidiaries
45,858

 
15,635

 

 
(61,493
)
 

Other assets
161

 
5

 
2,171

 

 
2,337

Intercompany

 
974

 
30,150

 
(31,124
)
 

Total Assets
$
46,283

 
$
16,759

 
$
50,201

 
$
(92,652
)
 
$
20,591

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
6

 
$
1

 
$
223

 
$

 
$
230

Participants’ share and royalties payable

 

 
1,104

 

 
1,104

Program rights
3

 
2

 
626

 

 
631

Short-term debt
217

 

 

 

 
217

Current portion of long-term debt
2

 

 
17

 

 
19

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
310

 
212

 
1,381

 
(35
)
 
1,868

Total current liabilities
538

 
215

 
3,351

 
(35
)
 
4,069

Long-term debt
9,380

 

 
90

 

 
9,470

Other liabilities
3,258

 
232

 
1,579

 

 
5,069

Intercompany
31,124

 

 

 
(31,124
)
 

Stockholders’ Equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Preferred stock

 

 
126

 
(126
)
 

Common stock
1

 
123

 
590

 
(713
)
 
1

Additional paid-in capital
43,743

 

 
60,894

 
(60,894
)
 
43,743

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)
(18,650
)
 
16,509

 
(11,708
)
 
(4,801
)
 
(18,650
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(653
)
 
11


79


(90
)
 
(653
)
 
24,441

 
16,643

 
49,981

 
(66,624
)
 
24,441

Less treasury stock, at cost
22,458

 
331

 
4,800

 
(5,131
)
 
22,458

Total Stockholders’ Equity
1,983

 
16,312

 
45,181

 
(61,493
)
 
1,983

Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
$
46,283

 
$
16,759

 
$
50,201

 
$
(92,652
)
 
$
20,591


-28-



CBS CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Continued)
(Tabular dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

 
Balance Sheet
 
At December 31, 2017
 
CBS Corp.
 
CBS
Operations
Inc.
 
Non-
Guarantor
Affiliates
 
Eliminations
 
CBS Corp.
Consolidated